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From: Jimjones1972 (Rep: 3) reply to Jimjones1972Date: 07/28/2018 21:48
Forum: Mining and Commodities Eh! - Msg #6192 - List AXM.V msgs Thread #674001235 (Rec: 0)
United Nations Central African Republic Report(January to June 2018)

This report is 132 pages in total. I have condensed everything with only details that are important and pertain to the stability of the Central African Republic and resumption of work by Axmin Inc.(AXM.V)

https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/N1821863.pdf

Page 2)
Following relevant exemptions and notifications to the Security Council
Committee established pursuant to resolution 2127 (2013) concerning the Central
African Republic, the country’s security and armed forces received training and
military equipment from the Russian Federation. Coupled with the support of other
partners such as the European Union Military Training Mission in the Central African
Republic, those efforts are facilitating the re-operationalization of FACA.

Ex-Séléka factions, like other armed groups, have, however, maintained their
engagement in the African Union Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central
African Republic, under which consultations began in November 2017 and the
conclusion of an agreement between the Government and the 14 recognized armed
groups is planned in the coming months

Page 7)
The European Union Military Training Mission in the Central African Republic
is currently finalizing the training of a third battalion of the Forces armées
centrafricaines (FACA) in Bangui. All trained battalions are gradually being
redeployed in Bangui and beyond (see para. 18 below). The Training Mission also
supported the training of 232 demobilized members of armed groups integrated into
the national army, which was completed on 11 May as part of the pilot project for
disarmament, demobilization, reintegration and repatriation

On 26 December 2017, the Committee received a notification from the Russian
Federation regarding the training of Central African defence and security forces,
involving 5 military and 170 civilian Russian instructors for a period of one year. The
first and second training sessions for FACA and the Presidential Guard in the Sudan
and Berengo (Lobaye Prefecture) conducted by Russian instructors were concluded
on 31 March and 30 May 2018, respectively. The third training session commenced
on 30 May in Berengo. The presence of instructors from the Russian Federation
among the Presidential Guard, as observed by the Panel in Berengo on 31 March, was
reported to be part of the training exercise. 2

Russian instructors are currently deployed in Sibut and Bangassou in support of
recent FACA deployments. They were also involved in escorting a convoy
transporting materials for the construction of hospitals, which travelled from
Am Dafok and through the towns of Birao, Ndélé, Kaga Bandoro, Bria and Bangui
between 7 and 26 May 2018. Twenty-four instructors are currently ensuring the
security of hospitals donated by the Russian Federation in Bria, and 20 are doing so
in Ouadda

In Bangui on 12 March 2018, national authorities, with the support of
MINUSCA, started the training of the 500 candidates for the police and gendarmerie
recruited throughout the country (see S/2017/1023, paras. 14–16).6

Page 8)
Since April 2018, Russian instructors have also started the training of 160 policemen
and 50 gendarmes in Berengo as a precondition for assigning them weapons in view of their
deployment.

Between 26 January and 7 February 2018, nine aircraft arrived at M’Poko
International Airport in Bangui to deliver weapons and ammunition as part of the
military cooperation between the Government of the Russian Federation and the
Government of the Central African Republic, and as allowed under an exemption by
the Committee on 15 December 2017

Page 10)
The African Union Initiative for Peace and Reconciliation in the Central African
Republic, which began its activities in November 2017, has achieved some traction
towards meeting the objectives set out in its road map. Through meetings in Bangui
and several rounds of field visits in the country (see annex 3.1), the African Union’s
panel of facilitators documented grievances that now form the basis of discussion for
the planned dialogue aimed at concluding a peace agreement between the Government
and the 14 armed groups.

In accordance with the timetable adopted under the African Union Initiative, a
series of workshops and training seminars are being organized to prepare for the
upcoming dialogue and build the capacity of the main stakeholders, including the
panel of facilitators, the Government, the 14 armed groups and civil society.

In parallel with the African Union Initiative, mediation efforts are also being
undertaken at the local level, including by MINUSCA, the national authorities and
religious leaders. Those initiatives are aimed at establishing a favourable environment
that addresses local conflict dynamics, involving various actors (armed groups, local
authorities, civil society and religious groups) and taking various formal or informal
forms.

Page 11)
The Government is also engaging with armed groups through the President’s
national security adviser, a Russian national appointed as part of the cooperation
between the Governments of the Central African Republic and the Russian
Federation, who met on several occasions with leaders of armed groups to discuss
questions related to, among other things, disarmament, demobilization and
reintegration, national reconciliation and the sharing of revenues from the
exploitation of natural resources among local and national authorities.

Most armed group leaders continue to express support for the African Union
Initiative.

Page 13)
In an attempt to address various illicit cross-border activities, the Government
of the Central African Republic has engaged neighbouring countries with a view to
signing bilateral and trilateral agreements establishing commissions on cross-border
issues. From 2 to 4 September 2017, a tripartite meeting was held in Kinshasa
among the Governments of the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of
the Congo and South Sudan. Those in attendance recommended the creation of a
special mixed commission in charge of political, diplomatic, defence and security
matters pertaining to the three countries

It is also planned that trilateral commissions will be established among the
Central African Republic, Chad and the Sudan as well as among the Central African
Republic, Cameroon and Chad. In addition, it is envisaged that bilateral commissions
will be put in place between the Central African Republic and Cameroon and between
the Central African Republic and Chad, as well as between the Central African
Republic and the Sudan

Page 18) *Note* - UPC is main group around Passendro/Ndassima
Still, UPC wants to appear to be a reasonable partner for the Government and
the international community. For example, although it was involved in violent clashes
with FACA soldiers in Bambari on 10 June, UPC finally agreed to let the FACA
convoy reach Bangassou (see para. 19 above). That decision triggered negative
reactions from other ex-Séléka factions as well as within UPC.61 The rejection of any
FACA deployment prior to the conclusion of a global agreement is a position common
to all ex-Séléka factions (see para. 39 above).

Page 23)
Since early 2016, a number of foreign operators have obtained permits to exploit
diamond and gold sites in the Central African Republic in a semi-mechanical or
industrial manner. Such investments provide tax revenues to the State. At the same
time, in areas with limited State authority, activities of all economic operators may
generate revenue for armed groups through racketeering, illegal taxation or possibly,
as was the case in 2016 with the private security company FIT Protection (see
S/2016/694, paras. 85–89), direct arrangements between companies and armed groups.

Page 30)
Additional information on the training of FACA by the European Union Training
Mission in the Central African Republic (EUTM)
Since September 2016, EUTM has trained a total of 3,000 FACA soldiers:
- Qualifying courses for 344 FACA officers (i.e. 38% of the total officers) and 544
non-commissioned officers (i.e. 26% non-commissioned officers);
- Training for 1,600 FACA soldiers (a total of three battalions, the last battalion
finishes training in early August 2018);
- Training of 232 FACA soldiers as part of the pilot project for disarmament,
demobilization, reintegration and repatriation;
- The validation of the training of 344 FACA soldiers organized in Rwanda and
Equatorial Guinea.

Additional information on the training of FACA by instructors from the
Russian Federation
The first training of personnel of the CAR national defence and security forces by the
military (5) and civilian (170) instructors of the Russian Federation, as notified to the
Committee on 26 December 2017, was concluded on 31 March 2018. The training took
place in the CAR and in the Sudan. During an official ceremony at the training site on 31
March 2018 in Berengo, 65 km southwest of Bangui, 202 FACA soldiers and Presidential
Guards demonstrated some of the operational skills acquired during their training.1 Few
days earlier, on 26 March, most of the National defence and security forces trained in the
Sudan flew back to the Central African Republic.

The second training of 200 FACA soldiers and 54 Presidential Guards was conducted in
Berengo between 30 March and 30 May 2018. The third training of 400 FACA soldiers and
62 Presidential Guards started in Berengo on 30 May 2018. This brings the total of FACA
soldiers and Presidential Guards trained by Russian instructors to approximately 900.

Page 45)
After a turbulent year (S/2017/1023, paras. 74-91), the security situation in
Bangassou has improved. Three recent events have created a window of opportunity
in town: the signature of a local peace agreement (see below); the arrest of the selfdefence
leader Crépin Wakanam, alias “Pino Pino”; and the launch of a Community
Violence Reduction (CVR) programme

The return of relative stability in town has also been facilitated by the progressive
disappearance of the most dangerous self-defence group leaders: “Ngadé” was killed
in inter-group clashes in December 2017; “Bere-Bere” surrendered to MINUSCA in
January 2018; and “Pino Pino” fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where
he was arrested together with 37 members of his group, on 16 May 2018

The last factor contributing to the current stability in Bangassou town is the CVR
program launched in May by MINUSCA for 700 beneficiaries. People included in
the program receive a paid training for three months to learn a profession in exchange
of handing over their weapons. To date, MINUSCA has collected almost 1,500
weapons and is considering launching a second CVR phase in August 2018

Most of the information between Pages 46 to 117 are images, maps, and unrelated details

Page 118)
Use of anti-balaka fighters, ISF and FACA elements as security
providers for economic operators.

To operate in the CAR, especially in the provinces, economic operators, including mining
companies, need to take measures to ensure their security. Some mining companies or
cooperatives employ private security companies. As mentioned in the 2017 Panel’s final
report (S/2017/1023, para. 235), one such private security company operating in SossoNakombo
was employing former anti-balaka soldiers

Other mining companies reportedly directly recruit anti-balaka or former anti-balaka
fighters. Anti-balaka leaders in Bouar and some local authorities told the Panel that the use
of former anti-balaka combatants as security providers was common practice for mining
companies operating in the Abba area.

Some companies rather secure the provisioning of National defence and security forces
through agreements with the Ministries of Defence and/or Interior. Such practices enable
the companies to ensure their security without resorting to protection by armed groups; at
the same time, they create additional tasks for FACA and ISF whose human resources and
capabilities are limited. In Bouar, for instance, the FACA Deputy Commander told the
Panel that more than a third of FACA deployed in the area were involved in the protection
of mining companies



Reply to Jimjones1972 - Msg #6184 - 07/07/2018 00:37

Six recent articles about how the Central African Republic is improving



July 5th 2018 – Gabon Keeps 444 troops in CAR

https://m.news24.com/Africa/News/gabon-to-keep-troops-in-un-mission-in-car-20180705

July 6th 2018 – Russian Mercenaries Secure Gold Mines In CAR

https://www.unian.info/world/10177382-new-russian-mercenary-group-reportedly-fighting-in-syria-media.html

Key Part:

Defense Ministry officers, comparing the new PMC to the Wagner Group, noted that Patriot pays more and offers better combat assignments. A source in the veterans' community said Wagner and Patriot competed for the contrast to provide security at gold mines in the Central African Republic, Dozhd reported.

July 5th 2018 – UN Proved Central African Republic With $1 Billion In Aid

https://www.un.org/press/en/2018/ga12039.doc.htm

June 29th 2018 – UN Deploys 700 Peace Keepers From Nepal To CAR

https://thehimalayantimes.com/nepal/united-nations-to-deploy-up-to-700-more-peacekeepers-from-nepal/

June 29th 2018 – AU(African Union) To Focus On Central African Republic

http://plenglish.com/index.php?o=rn&id=30340&SEO=au-summit-focused-on-challenges-progresses

June 26th 2018 – New Central African Republic Court Now In Order

https://www.news24.com/Africa/News/no-obstacles-in-launching-car-special-criminal-court-20180626

June 25th 2018 – Central African Republic Diamond Business Now Active Again

http://www.idexonline.com/FullArticle?Id=44032
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